History Of Processor Companies In The World – Starting in 1936, Konrad Zuse developed the Z1 computer which was the first computer to be freely programmed. Milestones continued at Hardvard in 1944, Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper developed the Harvard Mark I Computer. Finally, ENIAC 1 computer consisting of 20,000 electronic tubes filled a large enough space was made by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly in 1946. In the second world war, the concept of the processor was developed by relying on electronic tubes that require large space .
With the invention of the transistor in 1947 at Bell Labs, United States, and then an integrated circuit known as the “chip” in 1958 by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce, the computer world experienced very rapid development because it was possible to package so many switches in a small silicon pieces a few millimeters wide.
The brain of a computer is usually known as a data processor (processor), because its small form is more often referred to as a micro processor, or a microprocessor. Faggin, Hoff and Mazor from Intel in 1971 developed the world’s first microprocessor, and were given the Intel 4004 code. At that time, the Intel 4004 still hadn’t entered the world of desktop computers. Apple I, II, TRS 80 micro computers began to appear in 1976-77s, with 64Kbyte memory, simple television monitors, the discovery of genius that originated in the garage turned out to later wipe out the mainframe computer concepts which were then monopolized by IBM.
Intel with the Intel 8088 micro processor in collaboration with IBM developed IBM PC / XT in 1981. In the same year (1981), Microsoft developed the MS-DOS operating system to maintain the IBM PC / XT. One of the biggest breakthroughs made by IBM was opening the entire series in the computer manual. As a result, many companies plagiarized IBM PC / XT which later became known as cricket computers.
The pair Intel and Microsoft are so strong as to determine the direction of the development of the computer world. Their toughest rivals at the beginning of its development were Apple computers. History Of Processor proves that the close combination of hardware makers (Intel) and software (Microsoft) is crucial in the process of market control, this is evident that the combination of Intel & Microsoft controls more than 89% of the market in Indonesia.
With such a large market share, it enables Intel to develop its technology more freely. AMD and Via seem to be Intel’s biggest rivals. But Intel is not an easy opponent to bow. In 1982, the Intel 80286 known as 286 began to maintain a tradition of being able to run software that was written for previous generation processors. Within 6 years after being issued 286, it is estimated that there are 16 million 286 class computers worldwide. In 1985, the Intel 386 with 275,000 transistors was 100 times faster than the world’s first Intel 4004 microprocessor.
In the 90s, precisely in 1993 the world began to be flooded with a generation of Pentium class processors that enabled the processing of real-time data such as sound, images, videos quickly. Pentium is the standard for computers in homes. In 1997 the Intel Pentium II with 7.5 million transistors completely changed the world with its multimedia capabilities. Computer users can easily send images, sounds, videos through computer networks.
For ordinary users who do not need Pentium II class capabilities, the Celeron processor class was developed in 1999. In the same year (1999), the Pentium III was developed with a very fine 0.25 micro meter integrated circuit technology. The recent development of the Pentium class seems to be nearing its peak in 2000 with a Pentium 4 with 42 million transistors that have speeds of up to 1.5 GHz, compared to Intel 4004, which has a speed of only 108,000 Hz.
Intel in 2001 at this history of processor developed a family of new Itanium class processors directed to servers in the company. This class of processors work in parallel to meet the needs of companies for e-commerce transactions, large databases, design and build using computers and more.
What should we anticipate with the rapid development of the processor? What I often do is wait, and use technology that is one year old or even several years old. Because usually the price of the equipment falls after more than one year, but the performance is still quite good for normal office operations. The older a technology is, the main problem we usually face is getting spare parts to repair equipment. At one time it was cheaper to dispose of the old equipment, and it was cheaper to buy new-type computer equipment.
One of the technological breakthroughs that is very helpful in making savings is Terminal Server technology. Linux Terminal Server Program (LTSP) is a free program on the Internet that allows us to use a 486 computer to be used as a terminal on a local network with data processing speeds that are the same as the speed of the server used. If we use a Pentium 4 server, then the 486 speed resembles the Pentium 4. On the market, this technique is often known as cloning technology.
History Of Processor Based on IDC data, the development of computers in Indonesia has not been too encouraging. In 2001 there were around 2.2 million computers in Indonesia, with only about 400,000 added from 2000. Most of these computers, around 1.9 million PCs, were used by the business world. Users at home only use around 250,000, while only 58,000 are for education. In 2001, total money spent, around US $ 752 million to buy hardware, around US $ 124 million for software, and total rotating value for information technology in Indonesia in 2001 was around US $ 1.2 billion. The value of money that revolves in the computer world is still smaller with the business value of the telecommunications world which is around US $ 2.3 billion in 2001.
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